Sacralizing Security: Religion, Violence and Authority (SACRASEC) ERC Consolidator Project


Preman and Jawara

It’s (kinda) all in a name. The terms ‘preman’ and ‘jawara’ are frequently used as synonyms. Sometimes ‘jawara’ is used as a means to explain ‘preman’. Both terms have rich connotations in Indonesian and non-standardised Malay. Preman figure as characters in novels and films; sometimes as objects of ridicule, while at others as symbols of…

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